This article explains the first steps to design the new kitchen for your home: from the choice of style, to the type of shapes and sizes, the kitchen before being chosen must be designed, with a real scheme. Also, the first thing to choose for the new kitchen are floors and backs, because they will be installed before the kitchen itself.
In this article you will find a general overview of materials, elements and features to evaluate and choose at the beginning when designing the kitchen for your home; It shows a small phase path, to understand from what to begin and how to proceed for the choice of the elements of this environment, path that will continue in the other two articles inherent.
Types of kitchen
First of all, we must take a first step forward with an effort of imagination: what type of kitchen do we want for our house? The answers can be basically four:
- Masonry kitchen
- To be ordered to measure
- Modular Kitchen
- To build on the needs of space and functionality
- Kitchen with custom cut furniture
- Kitchen freestanding
- With free installation modules
Once you have decided the type of kitchen, we can have a first idea of the direction in which all our other choices will go.
How to compose the kitchen
The second step to be addressed in designing the kitchen, which to some might seem the last but instead it is of fundamental importance to make at the beginning, is that of the positioning of the elements of the kitchen itself, whether it is a composition Modular or freestanding or even customized.
In practice It is a matter of choosing which walls or spaces of the kitchen, to fill with the furniture, the modules and the appliances, and which instead leave free for other elements. At the base of this choice are three variables:
- Space available. So the size of the kitchen, both in terms of surface, and in terms of the Cuban, as well as the shape of the room itself
- Position of doors and windows. Space to consider not usable for the kitchen.
- Position of sockets, connections and exhausts. Position of the current connections for all appliances and for the worktop, of the loading and unloading of the water (for the sink and, if necessary, for the dishwasher), of the gas connection for the hob, if chosen induction. The latter variable, in cases where it is possible to make complete renovation works or that the house is built starting from zero, could become a consequence, because if the space available for the kitchen is considerable, one could opt for The choice of a composition with islands or peninsulas, where appliances could be in the center and their attachments should be moved to the floor in correspondence.
Depending on these three variables, the possibilities to choose the composition of a kitchen are:
Where all the furniture and appliances are aligned in the most agreeable order, along one single wall of the kitchen;
- Two lines
Where furniture and appliances are aligned along two parallel walls of the kitchen;
So-called L-composition, where furniture and appliances are aligned along two adjoining walls of the kitchen;
- Three lines
So-called C-composition, where furniture and appliances are aligned along three adjoining walls of the kitchen
- Islands and Peninsulas
With islands and peninsulas, in which one of the previous combinations is added an island or a peninsula in the center, as an additional work surface or as a pantry or as an appliance block.
Design the Kitchen
Before proceeding with the search in the shops of a model that can be done for us or to go to order a composition to the carpenter or the Mason, you need to lay out a draft of the kitchen itself. Of course if we choose to entrust to an interior architect, the project will draw him, as a rule of art.
But if we want to do everything ourselves, because we can not afford an architect or do not want to consult, draw a draft project will be very useful, before leaving home.
With paper, pencil and ruler we draw a scale model of our local kitchen. The ratio we use as a scale for this map must be precise, in order to obtain the actual measurements during the purchase.
For example, we choose to match every real meter of the kitchen, one centimeter on the paper and remember to score apart from the overall height of the room (if the total space is small in fact, you can take advantage of the height with very high wall units, or if you This is an attic, you must have the height of the various areas of the kitchen to avoid the risk of buying furniture or appliances too high for that particular area).
After tracing the map of the kitchen, we mark exactly where the doors and windows are and how big they are. Finally we mark exactly where the electrical, water and gas attacks are located, if they are already present in the actual house plant.
At this point we draw a draft of the composition that we think can adapt to the elements at our disposal, taking care to mark where in our opinion should be placed the appliances and the various furniture.
Designing the Kitchen: Virtual instruments
On the internet there are several programs, such as Sweet Home 3D or Furnish, free or paid, to design the kitchen especially in reference to the positioning of the furnishings. They allow the virtual management of the whole house, then also of the kitchen, which is perhaps the most difficult area to think of the entire house. Some brands of kitchens, such as Snaidero or IKEA, provide proprietary software for the design of the kitchen.
As an alternative to paper and pencil, we can always use the virtual road, comfortable and versatile: it still saves us from continuous cancellations, which could make it difficult to continue the manual project.